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eastern dwarf tree frog

Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog ~ Litoria fallax

This frog is small, as its name describes, growing to a tiny 2.5cm at adult size. This species is common and is found around bodies of freshwater.

The Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog is usually found on reeds in water. However, it has been found a fair distance from a body of water. They are hard to find in cooler months, but very active during the warmer months where their call can be heard during the day and the night. Its call sounds like ‘reeee eek eek, reeek eek eek eek’ repeated several times.

The Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog's colour varies from a pale brown to a light green to a dark green on top with a distinctive white stripe along the upper lip. A good indicator of the species is the orange groin region.

A similar species is the Leaf Green Tree Frog (Litoria phyllochroa), but this species can be distinguished by the white stripe on its upper lip and its much smaller size.

common eastern froglet

Eastern Froglet ~ Crinia signifera

The Eastern Froglet is a very common frog species of the Sydney region. It is often hard to see because of its small size of only 2.5cm at maturity. Its call is easy to hear and distinguish, with its rapid and constant call of ‘creek creek-creek creek-creeek creek.’

To the untrained eye, this species can be mistaken for many other species due to its variable pattern, colour and texture. Some have a rough dorsal region while others are smooth. The colour varies from a grey to a dark brown with stripes and a white underside with brown mottling.

This species ranges from alpine to coastal habitats and their status is very common in these regions as they are highly adaptable.

Hatching of eggs occurs approx. 7-10 days after they are laid. Metamorphosis occurs throughout the year as breeding also occurs throughout the year. Tadpole life depends on environmental conditions but usually lasts from 6 weeks to 3 months.

To distinguish from the Smooth Toadlet (Uperleia laevigata), look in the groin region. There are no red regions.

The Eastern Froglet lives in the ponds at AWWP. Its call can be heard, especially in the cooler months, when breeding occurs after rain and during the night.

perons tree frog

Peron's Tree Frog ~ Litoria peronii

This frog is also known as an Emerald Spotted Tree Frog and grows to approx. 5cm.

This species is found throughout New South Wales and Southern Queensland and is very common in the areas it inhabits. This species is often found in areas far from a body of water. Males make their call around breeding sites, which are close to water. The call is like a chuckle or cackle, which makes it easily distinguished from other frog species. These frogs are rarely sighted in the cooler months but are commonly seen in the warm, wetter months of spring.

The Peron’s Tree Frog is brown to grey in colour, with white underparts. It has green spots across the dorsal region with yellow thighs and groins. Colour changes dramatically depending on conditions, males turning a yellow colour during the breeding season.

red crowned toadlet

Red-Crowned Toadlet ~ Pseudophryne australis

Although this frog is called a toadlet, it is in fact a frog. There are no native toads in Australia. This frog is only found within the Sydney sandstone region to a radius of approx. 150km.

These frogs are hard to see due to their secretive nature and limited habitat. Their breeding sites, during warm months, are dry creek beds with little or no vegetation. When autumn arrives, the frogs return with the rain and lay their eggs under logs and rocks near the edge of the water. The eggs develop in these damp conditions and when rain comes it washes them into the water where the tadpoles, at less than 10mm in length, swim free.

With suitable environmental conditions metamorphosis can occur within a couple of weeks.

The Red-Crowned Toadlet’s call, ‘eeeek eek,’ is repeated at infrequent intervals.

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